3D reconstruction systems from multimodal medical images. Passive vision systems: camera calibration, X-rays systems calibration, stereo matching, epipolar geometry, geometry-based primitives, intensity-based primitives, primitives matching using classifiers. Medical image registration. 3D reconstruction from image sequences: self-calibration, primitive temporal tracking, 3D structure from motion, shading and texture. Active vision systems: interferometry approach, active triangulation, 3D surface registration, elastic registration, texture mapping. Applications on 3D reconstruction of anatomical structures from medical images.